The Most Common Type of Lenses Used in DSLR
When it comes to the common type of lenses available, entering the world of photography can be a minefield.
Even the most seasoned photographer will struggle to explain the precise distinctions and functions of each lens, but understanding the functionality, focal lengths, and applications of a lens can help you use it in the proper situation.
Knowing when to use the right lens is just one step on the road to becoming a better photographer. We’ll look at the many sorts of camera lenses and when they should be used in this post.
Type of Lenses by Focal Length
Out of millions of lenses, here are some types:
An inexpensive lens, sold in camera kits, is not of excellent quality but perfect to start general-purpose photography at a beginner level. After a few months, when photography won’t be new to you, you may eventually have an urge to get and use a better lens for a broad category of photography.
These are lenses with fixed focal lengths such as 35mm, 50mm, 85mm, and so on. These lenses are faster as their construction is simplified. Prime lenses don do not have internal moving parts except for diaphragm prime lenses are lighter in weight and smaller than zoom lenses. They have better optical quality. The models of primary lens used by professionals are larger but provide a brilliantly sharp image.
The zoom lens provides a range of focal lengths, which is adjustable, unlike the primary lens, such as a 24-70mm zoom lens. These lenses are much more flexible, and you can photograph a wide range of subjects without changing your gear. The wide-angle zoom lens is a telephoto lens. These lenses are ideal for street photography or travel as you can change focal length quickly. The only drawback is that these lenses are slow, and the fast zoom lens is costly.
A lens is said to be expected if it produces a view that appears natural to the human observer. A standard lens, in 35mm film terms, is a 50mm lens.
These lenses have a shorter focal length. The focal length range from 14 to 40. This type of lens is best for landscape photography as the view it provides is comprehensive. The only disadvantage is that due to the shorter focal length, there is distortion in the image. Lenses shorter than 17mm are super-wide lenses and provide view beyond180 degrees. The widest wide-angle lens is called fisheyes
Telephoto lenses have longer focal lengths, ranging from 85mm to 135mm. These lenses magnify images, are more massive and require tripods for stable pictures. These lenses are best for portraits as the background becomes a blur. We can take close-up shots for a long distance, so these lenses are preferred for wildlife photography.
The focal length of the macro lens ranges from 35mm to 200mm. They are designed to capture close-up details accurately. The images clicked by these lenses display subjects at a life-size ratio1:1 or larger. The disadvantage is the macro lens doesn’t perform at a far distance. Basically used for macro photography.
Knowing when to use the right lens is one step on the road to becoming a better photographer. The zoom lens provides a range of focal lengths, which is adjustable, unlike the primary lens, such as a 24-70mm zoom lens. After a few months, when photography won’t be new to you, you may eventually have an urge to get and use a better lens for a broad category of photography. The wide-angle zoom lens is a telephoto lens. These lenses are ideal for street photography or travel as you can change focal length quickly.
The macro lens is designed to capture close-up details accurately. Lenses shorter than 17mm are super-wide lenses and provide view beyond180 degrees.